While there are certainly cultural tendencies, I always caution myself from making vast sweeping generalizations. One must clearly differentiate between culture and the State, which are two very different entities.
Yes people follow authority for vastly different reasons. It is my task to discover in each individual person I talk to, why they value the opinions of those in positions of authority. Depending on the answer will depend on the intellectual disentanglement that must ensue to help achieve their mental emancipation.
The State does not mold culture. The State is the parasitical entity that attaches itself to the industrious host slowly siphoning away productivity. It must always follow culture. Culture always comes first. The State is a lagging indicator of culture.
Culture is wondrous and magnificent. It arises spontaneously and always out of purely voluntary interactions. When force and coercion are introduced this is the genesis of the State in any society.